What You Need to Know About High-Risk Pregnancy
A pregnancy is considered high-risk when there are potential health risks for the mother, unborn baby, or both. A person with a high-risk pregnancy requires close monitoring by a specialist to prevent complications and ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.
Factors That Cause High-Risk Pregnancy
Your age and certain health and lifestyle factors can lead to a high-risk pregnancy. Ladies who get pregnant younger than 17 years or over 35 years of age are at a greater risk of experiencing complications. Preexisting health conditions before pregnancy can also lead to a high-risk pregnancy. Some of the conditions include diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, obesity, and sexually transmitted diseases. Lifestyle factors such as substance abuse can also lead to a high-risk pregnancy. Some issues arise from the pregnancy, and they can increase the chances of complications. Such issues include gestational diabetes, carrying more than one baby, and premature labor. You also stand at a higher risk for a high-risk pregnancy if you have a family history of genetic disorders or miscarriage.
Signs and Symptoms of High-Risk Pregnancy
When you have a high-risk pregnancy, you may experience abdominal pain, excessive fatigue, dizziness, chest pain, vaginal bleeding, or severe headache. A high-risk pregnancy can lead to severe complications, miscarriage, or stillbirth if left unchecked. If you experience any of these symptoms, you need to seek medical attention immediately. Doctors may administer a biophysical profile and an ultrasound to check the health of the fetus. The tests show the fetal movements, tone, breathing, and amniotic fluid volume. The doctor will require your health history and information regarding any past pregnancies. Other tests that may be administered include blood and urine tests and prenatal cell-free DNA and genetic screenings.
Managing and Treating High-Risk Pregnancy
If you have preexisting health problems that can lead to a high-risk pregnancy, you can take steps to ensure you have a healthy pregnancy. You can reduce the risk of developing complications by getting immunizations, eating a healthy diet, exercising to maintain your weight, and avoiding taking alcohol or drugs. It is also crucial to see your healthcare provider regularly to avoid issues such as depression or high blood pressure. Moreover, it’s essential to regularly visit a maternal health specialist to monitor your situation. A specialist can help ensure that you have a safe and healthy pregnancy. A high-risk pregnancy has its challenges, but staying positive and working closely with your doctors can lead to the best possible outcome for both you and your child.
This post was first published on wfmchealth.org.